His Workmanship

For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.”  Ephesians 2:10

Lest any man should boast.

God alone is God. As such he must be acknowledged by every creature.

Of him, and through him, and unto him are all things. Never is anything of us and through us. Nor is anything partly of us and through us. Hence his alone is the glory for ever and ever. And this glory must be attributed to him. He will give it to no other.

Therefore salvation is of the Lord.

It is by grace, from beginning to end by grace only; not of works, lest any man should boast.

To boast, to claim part of the glory that belongs to God only, and therefore to claim all the glory that is his alone, is the tendency of sin, the inclination of the sinful heart. “Ye shall be as gods” (Gen. 3:5) is the slogan that expresses the deepest motive of the natural man. He refuses to glorify God as God and to be thankful.

So he is always inclined to deprive God of his glory, to say that salvation is of his own works. It is hard for him to confess that sovereign grace alone is the source and ground and power of salvation. Somehow he always attempts to introduce his work into the work of God, to share in the glory of the divine work that delivers him from guilt and clothes him with an eternal righteousness, that cleanses him from the pollution of sin and sanctifies him unto the service of the living God, that lifts him out of the depth of the misery of death and hell into the glory of eternal life and heavenly bliss.

In various ways he seeks to escape the consequences of salvation by grace and to maintain that he is saved by works. Sometimes he attempts to work out his own righteousness and to make this righteousness of works the basis of his salvation. Sometimes he apparently is willing to confess that he is saved by grace, but he contends that it is works that make him worthy of this grace. But in the measure that he introduces his own works into the wonder of salvation, he deprives the God of salvation of his glory.

Man boasts.

Yet no man may boast in the presence of the Most High.

His alone is all the glory. He alone calls the things that are not as if they were, and he alone quickens the dead. He alone is Lord, the creator and the redeemer. Jehovah of hosts is his name.

Therefore all works as a cause, a ground, a reason, a means of salvation, or as contributing anything whatsoever to this divine wonder, must be excluded.

By grace are you saved.

Not of works, lest any man should boast.

He who glories, let him glory in the Lord.


Created unto good works.

This must have all the emphasis.

It is not of works, or by works, or because of works that we are saved, but unto works. Our works are never first, but always last; they are never the cause, but always the result. God is first, and our work cannot begin except where God’s work is finished. We work out our own salvation, but only because God is working within us to do and to will of his own good pleasure (Phil. 2:13).

Created unto good works.

So it was in the beginning: Man was created unto, with a view to, with his purpose in the performance of good works.

He was made a working being. By this he was adapted to reflect the likeness of his creator, to bear the image of his God. He was so created that even as God works, so he might also work. In this he was distinguished from and stood exalted above all the rest of the earthly creation. All the works of God’s hand function, operate, move, each in their own place and with their own purpose. The sun, moon, and stars move in their orbs and fill the universe with their light and energy and glory; the clouds gather and empty themselves upon the thirsty land; the lightning flashes and the thunder roars, the tempest rages and mighty waves of the ocean rise mountain high, rivers flow and brooks murmur; the beasts of the field rejoice and the birds of the air sing their songs of gladness and cheer; the earth yields its increase and the trees bear their fruit. All things move and operate and function in their place and according to their purpose.

But man works.

He was made a rational, living soul, a being capable of reflecting the virtues of God, with mind and will and heart. Consciously and willingly he performs his deeds. He labors and toils and exercises dominion over the various aspects of the earthly creation, subjecting them unto himself and employing them as his servants; he beholds all the works of God in the light of his rational eye; he ponders them and interprets them and reads the word of God in them; he loves and hates, he rejoices and grieves, he sings and prays as a rational and moral being that is related to the world and to God.

He works.

A working being he was created in the beginning. And he was made capable of performing good works.

Good works are those, and those only, that serve their proper purpose, God’s purpose: the glory of his name. For that glory man had to work. From a heart moved by the love of God he was to reach out for that glory of his creator, to behold it with his eye, to perceive it with his ear, to know it with his mind, to desire it with his will, to speak of it with his mouth, to work for it with his hands, to devote himself unto that sole purpose, to consecrate all things unto it, and thus to declare the praises of the Most High before all creation and before his face—such was man’s purpose, the purpose of creation. Only those works that are performed with that purpose in view are good.

But man fell.

He became evil, dead through trespasses and sins, darkened in his understanding, perverse of will and heart, impure in all his desires and longings and aspirations. An enemy of God he became, motivated by hatred against the Lord of heaven and earth, incapable of doing anything that is pleasing to God, seeking to destroy the glory of God and to exalt himself as the god of the universe.

His nature is corrupt, wholly in the power of sin and death.

His works are evil.

For still he works. Work he must inevitably. Work he does with all his soul and mind and power. But the works he performs are evil, always evil, ever coming short of the glory of God.

But God!

God, who is rich in mercy, according to the great love wherewith he loved us, freely, divinely, sovereignly…God, who calls the things that are not as if they were, and who quickens the dead…God, who creates, always creates; who creates when he calls out of nothing, and who creates when he calls out of death…God created us, his people, his church, once again.

For we are his workmanship, created unto good works.


Adorable wisdom of God.

For his workmanship we are created unto good works that he before ordained. The works of the church as a whole and of believers individually are ordained for them, predestinated in infinite wisdom from before the foundation of the world.

But of course.

Does not even man ordain beforehand the work that a certain mechanism that he constructs is to perform for him? Does he not adapt each part of the mechanism to the function of the whole?

Does not a great composer, creating a grand oratorio, ordain beforehand the parts that the various voices of a mighty choir are to sing, in order to attain the beautiful harmony he has in mind?

Would not God, then, who is infinite in wisdom and might, when he chose unto himself a church that would be to the praise of the glory of his grace in the beloved and that would forever declare his glorious virtues, ordain the good works that church would perform before his face and before all the world? Would he not ordain in minutest detail each part of the grand oratorio that is to sing his praises and assign to each voice its own place in the mighty chorus that will forever cause the new creation to rebound with glad hallelujahs? If the church is to reflect the fullness of his own glory in Christ, then must not God ordain just how the whole and each member are to serve that purpose?

But of course.

We are created unto good works, but lest any man should boast at all, even these works are not of our creation, of our conception, of our determination, but of God’s ordination and predestination. We do not invent them, but he ordained them. We do not bring them to him, but he brings them to us. He does not become obliged to us when we perform them, but we owe him our everlasting gratitude for the part we perform.

He ordained it all.

All the good works the church performs in this world, as she is redeemed from sin and guilt by the blood of Christ, as she is raised from death to life and called from darkness into his marvelous light, as she becomes his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus, are ordained by him. All the praises her members sing, all the prayers they utter, all the glories of God they confess, all the suffering and death they endure, all their patience and tribulations, all their expressions of faith and trust and love of God in this world—these are all ordained of God from before the foundation of the world. There is a fullness of good works the church must perform even in this present time and in this present evil world, a fullness of testimony that she must bear, a fullness of suffering she must endure, according to God’s eternal counsel. So the part each individual believer is to perform in the realization of this fullness of good works is ordained by infinite wisdom.

Which he before ordained.

Yes, even the good works that the glorified church must perform in the new heavens and the new earth unto the everlasting ages have been ordained by the all-wise artificer and builder of the new Jerusalem.

He designed it all.

He chose his church and predestinated her to be conformed according to the image of his Son.

He ordained before the good works by means of which that church should show forth the praises of her God.

Oh, depth of wisdom!


His workmanship.

Created in Christ Jesus.

For he not only predestinated his church and ordained her good works, but he also forms his people and enables them for the good works he ordained for them.

In the good works he ordained they must walk. He did not ordain a mechanism that would function according to his design and purpose, but a church of living believers, a living organism of rational and moral beings who would willingly perform the good works he ordained for them, sing his praises, and show forth the glory of his infinite virtues from the love of their hearts.

That is to walk in good works.

To be busy in the works God prepared for his people, ordained for them from eternity, each in his own place, willingly, consciously, motivated by the love of God in the heart, and with the avowed purpose to glorify the God of his salvation—that is to walk in his good works.

Unto this end he created us in Christ Jesus.

It is evident that the term “created” does not refer to our original creation in the beginning. Originally we were not created in Christ Jesus, but in the first man Adam. The apostle is not speaking of the human race, but of the church, saved by grace. Nor is this term “created” to be considered as a hyperbole, exaggerating what actually is accomplished when God forms his people unto the good works he ordained for them. Rather is this work of God to be considered a creation that is more wonderful still, a more marvelous revelation of his divine power than that whereby he called into existence the first world. Then he called the things that were not as if they were; but in the work of salvation he calls life out of death, light out of darkness, righteousness out of corruption, heavenly glory out of the depth of hell. Those who are capable of bringing forth only fruit unto death he forms into willing agents of the good works he ordained for them.

Yes, his workmanship we are, created, re-created out of death into life.

Created in Christ Jesus.

Christ he ordained to be the firstborn of every creature and the first begotten of the dead, the head of the church. In Christ he chose us, making us one with him forever. One we are with Christ, by his eternal election, both juridically and organically. In Christ, and in him only, he gives us all the blessings of salvation and makes us a new creation, fit unto all the good works he ordained for us.

In Christ he gives us the right to become new creatures, for by our sin we forfeited the right of the unspeakable blessing to walk in his good works. But through the blood of Christ he cleanses us from the guilt of sin and clothes us with an eternal righteousness.

In Christ he makes us partakers of all the wonders of his grace and makes us new creatures. In Christ he gives us new life, the eternal life of his resurrection; in Christ he calls us out of darkness into his marvelous light; in Christ he gives us living faith, so that we may be rooted in him and draw our all from him; in Christ he justifies and sanctifies us and makes us willing to walk in his good works.

Presently he will give us the eternal glory of his heavenly covenant in Christ.

His workmanship.

Created in Christ Jesus.

Glorious work of God!


This article was reprinted from Chapter 26 in the book All Glory to the Only Good God, written by Herman Hoeksema.


Start your graduate’s library with a gift of RFPA books



From creation to the book of Ruth, Prof. Homer Hoeksema and Prof. David Engelsma teach familiar stories from the unique perspective of God’s covenant. His relationship of friendship with his people of the Old Testament is the same one he makes with us and our children!


Rev. Herman Hoeksema’s timeless commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism. Your graduate hears the Catechism preached every week. What better way to prepare for the Lord’s day than to read from a commentary that expands on each question and answer?


Every graduate should begin a strong devotional life as he or she enters the workforce or pursues further education. Each meditation in these devotionals contains three or four sections. Read a section or two in the morning, another at lunch, and the last in the evening. This way, your graduate can think on one passage over the course of the whole day.


Singular Love

“Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God.”—1 John 3:1


What marvelous love was bestowed upon us!

No cold, matter-of-fact statement the apostle makes before the church of all ages. Rather it must be seen as a shout of ecstasy pressed from the author’s heart under the influence of an over-mastering emotion. Rapt out of himself and elevated above the reach of ordinary, natural perception, caught up in the sphere of heavenly and spiritual mysteries, he beckons the church to come with him and to contemplate these heavenly joys, “Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed upon us! Sons of God we are called.”

The full implication of this marvelous truth has not yet been revealed. The term “sons of God” is still pregnant with possibilities that will not be fully realized until the day when we will see God as he is. But potentially, in spiritual principle, and in Jesus Christ we are all we ever will be. For now we are sons of God.

What unspeakable glory!

There is in the divine family of the ever-blessed Trinity one Son. In him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead perfectly, infinitely, unfathomed, and inexhaustible. Father’s life is his life, Father’s power is his power, Father’s glory is his glory, Father’s mind is his mind, Father’s will is his will. He knows the Father as he is known by him; he loves the Father as he is loved by him. He is the perfect effulgence of Father’s glory, the express image of his person, and he lives with Father, in his bosom, in everlasting, infinite, perfectly intimate, and confidentially friendly communion of unblemished love.

To be called sons of God is to be called after him.

Not as if we should be or aspire to be God, as the Son of God is. The essential difference between God and us, between creator and creatures, between the infinite and the finite, between the Son and the brethren of Jesus Christ will never be removed. Even so and barring all pantheism, which is of the evil one, and strictly maintaining the eternal distinction between the ever-blessed God and his creaturely children, we do not overestimate the glory and the marvel of love the apostle has in mind if we state that to be called sons of God is to be called after the only begotten of the Father.

To be sons of God implies that also we in creaturely measure partake of Father’s life, Father’s glory, and Father’s love. It signifies that we are his and that he manifests the glory of his image through us. It means that God’s mind, heart, will, and all that is within him are motivated by the living power of a Father’s love toward us, so that his thoughts over us are always paternal thoughts, the counsel of his will is dominated by fatherly love, and the desires of his heart are paternal longings to bless and to glorify us, to have us with him in everlasting light of bliss and to press us in heavenly glory at his bosom. It means that our minds, wills, and hearts are dominated by this overpowering influence of a son’s love toward him, so that we think as sons, will as sons, love as sons, and long to walk as sons in Father’s light, to know him as we are known, to see him face-to-face, and to rejoice forever in the secret communion of his covenantal friendship.

To be called sons of God means that God calls us such, that he operates within our hearts until we call ourselves such and cry, “Abba, Father,” and that he will so fill us with his life and so impress upon us the glorious image of his Son that presently the whole world will be compelled to call us children of the Most High.

To be called sons of God. Singular blessing. Marvel of love.

Behold! What manner of love!

Bestowed upon us.

As by faith with the apostle, we rise to the elevated plane of vision to behold the wonder of blessings bestowed upon us, and to contemplate with the apostle the marvel of divine love that becomes manifest in this unspeakable glory, let us not fail to emphasize this little but so significant “us.”

Upon us this love was bestowed!

Upon whom?

Were we perhaps worthy of such love? When this love found you and me, where were we? What was our state before him who revealed such marvelous love toward us? What was our name? What were our rights? What was the condition of our hearts and minds before him who loved us? Could we claim any right to such love? Was there perchance within us some smoldering fires of love to which his love responded, or some lingering remnants of beauty that kindled the fire of so great a love in his divine heart?

We know better.

Search as we may, never will we find within ourselves an inkling of anything that might explain the mystery of this great love. Rather, the longer and more deeply we search in our hearts and lives, the greater the mystery of this love looms before our wondering eyes.

Rights we had none, unless condemnation can be called a right. For we were guilty, sins innumerable as the hairs of our heads testifying against us. Daily we were adding to these condemning sins and thus gathering veritable treasures of wrath for the day of righteous judgment. Our name was children of our father the devil. For true though it is that Father originally formed us after his image and that our features still bespeak that noble origin, even this remembrance of a former glory only witnesses against us. The fact is that by nature we are children of the devil. Our minds, so evidently adapted to the light of God, wantonly chose the darkness in preference to that light; our wills, so plainly formed to will Father’s will, foolishly submitted themselves to the slavery of Satan; our hearts, so manifestly fitted to throb with the love of God, we sinfully filled with enmity against him. Children of wrath we were, hating God and one another, our backs toward Father, our faces toward hell.

Thus we were and there he found us, neither longing for him nor seeking him, wallowing in sin, groping in darkness, defiled in our blood.

And upon us, so guilty, so miserable, so abominable, he bestowed such manner of love.

Oh, what impenetrable mysteries!

What marvel of love!


This meditation was taken from the first part of Chapter 16 in the book All Glory to the Only Good God  written by Herman Hoeksema.


Jehovah Our Sun and Shield

A sun is Jehovah God!

Wonderfully significant is the sun in nature as an image of the Lord our God.

With relation to our universe, that golden bridegroom of the day, issuing forth from his chambers and going on his way through the firmament rejoicing, is radiating with fullness of life and blessing for every creature.

When in the still and dark hour just before dawn of a day in June you repair to a favorite spot—where gentle zephyrs lisp, the trees murmur mysteriously, and the brook ripples playfully; where the humble wildflower displays the rich beauty of its colored garment for which it did not labor or spin; and where winged beauties sing and call to one another—to wait and to watch for the rising of the sun…

And when, as you watch, a pale glimmer in the eastern sky announces the approach of morning and dispels the darkness of the night, rousing from their slumbers the feathered inhabitants of the woods, who respond to the call of the morning, first cooing sleepily and complainingly, and then, as gradually the pale gray of dawn brightens into the gold of morning, chirruping and singing cheerfully; and when you see how the rising sun, now fast increasing in strength of golden brightness until finally the last streaks of morning cloud have vanished before its splendor, suffuses the entire scene with wondrous glory, pouring life and light over flower and leaf, into brook and meadow, transforming the black robe of night’s darkness into a veritable garb of many-colored beauty…

Oh, how wonderful a picture is the sun!






What a fullness of life it pours into the universe.

What a center of blessings it appears.

It draws from sea, ocean, and lake the rain into soft cloud-vessels and pours refreshing showers over field and forest; it nourishes and warms the seeds in the furrows and causes them to sprout; it makes the flowers bloom and reveals their beauty; it spreads life and joy, energy and light, and it calls man and beast to action.

The Lord God is a sun.

A sun not as if there were other suns, for he is God and there is no God besides him, but a sun because he is in himself the fullness of all good. He is light and there is no darkness in him. Such is his being. He does not possess light, but he is light. He does not simply live, but he is life. He does not just contain goodness, but he is goodness. He is light and life, brightness and holiness, goodness and grace and mercy, righteousness and justice, joy and peace. He is goodness and perfection, an ever-blessed light. And his perfection is not derived from any other sources. It is absolutely original with him, uncaused, and eternal. As the triune God he lives the life of perfect light by and in himself.

Still more.

The Lord God is a sun also because he radiates his goodness and pours forth his light-life upon all who are in communion with him. He is for them the fount of all good, which spreads grace and glory. Like the rising sun in nature, so he dispels the darkness of the night of sin and death. For he reveals the brightness of his beauty, the glory of his goodness, the perfection of his holiness and righteousness, the blessedness of his grace in Christ Jesus, and through him Jehovah scatters the blessed rays of his own light into the hearts of his children.

For Jehovah God is a sun. The uncaused light in himself, full of grace and glory.

He is also the sole cause of all light and life, radiating his blessed goodness into the hearts of all his children. He makes them partakers of his holiness, love, blessedness, and joy. In their hearts he spreads abroad the riches of his love, makes the night flee away—a night of sin and corruption, of hatred and the lie, of death and hell—and calls forth the dawn of a new day, shining with the light of righteousness and holiness, of love in truth, of heavenly bliss and eternal life.

For the Lord will give grace and glory. He radiates grace and makes his children partakers of it in Christ Jesus. And his grace makes glorious. Even as sin is corruption and makes one inglorious, vile, abject, repulsive, leading to outer darkness in eternal desolation, so grace is goodness and brings glory to those who partake of it, making them full of grace and beauty.

How blessed is Jehovah God!

What a fullness of joy and life is he. Surely he is a sun.

How blessed is his communion! For without him, without the scope of the radiation of his blessed light, there is the darkness of death. In his communion there is grace and glory.

How amiable are his tabernacles, the place beside his altar. How much more blessed to be only a doorkeeper in his house, catching at least some of his blessed light, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness, where all is darkness and death!

O Lord of hosts, light of lights, radiant with eternal perfection, how blessed is the man over whom thou dost spread thy tabernacle and who dwells in thy light!


This excerpt was taken from the book All Glory to the Only Good God (Chapter 4a).


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